Cornetfishes & trumpetfishes

The trumpetfishes and cornetfishes are found in all of the world’s tropical oceans. Their huge geographcial range, coupled with the fact that there are only a few species of each, make them interesting for dispersal studies and biogeographic analyses.

As their names suggest these fishes exhibit an elongated, fusiform body shape with a horn-shaped mouth. They often congregate in large schools of herbivorous fish, blending in with them and striking at other prey. They have been observed to orient vertically in the water to fool prey into thinking they are seagrass or coral. They feed on small forage fish and crustaceans. Some might say they resemble giant pipefish, and share many of the same behaviors.

Found at depths of up to 200 metres, these fish can disperse relatively far. They inhabit coral and rocky reef slopes. For the most part they appear to be relatively unthreatened, although coral loss may be having an impact on some populations. See the individuals species profiles below to get to know them better.

Aulostomidae (Trumpetfishes)

Photo Name, Authority Common
Name(s)
IUCN Red List Status Profile Range
74137_orig Aulostomus
chinensis,
(Linnaeus 1766)
Chinese
trumpetfish,
flutemouth,
painted
flutemouth,
stickfish,
spiny-backed trumpet
NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl Indian &
tropical Pacific
62190_orig A. maculatus,
Valenciennes 1841
Atlantic
trumpetfish,
Caribbean
trumpetfish, trumpetfish
NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl

Western Atlantic

55515_orig A. strigosus,
Wheeler 1955
Trumpetfish NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl South-
eastern
Atlantic, Brazil

Fistulariidae (Cornetfishes)

Photo Name (Authority) Common
Name (s)
Red List Status Profile Range
04772_orig Fistularia
commersonii,
Ruppell 1838
Bluespotted
cornetfish,
reef cornetfish,
smooth
flutemouth
NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl Indian &
Pacific Oceans,
Mediterranean
39132_orig F. corneta,
Gilbert &
Starks 1904
Pacific
cornetfish
LC logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl E. Pacific
89624_orig F. petimba,
Lacepede 1803
Red cornetfish NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl Global
tropical
45731_orig F. tabacaria,
Linnaues 1758
Cornetfish,
bluespotted
cornetfish,
trumpetfish,
unarmed
trumpetfish,
tobacco
trumpetfish
NE logo_wikilogo_eolGBIFurl Atlantic

IUCN Red List key: EX=Extinct EW=Extinct in the Wild CR=Critically Endangered EN=Endangered VU=Vulnerable NT=Near Threatened LC=Least Concern DD=Data Deficient NE=Not Evaluated 

(Click here for a full explanation of IUCN Red List categories.)

A note on ‘Data Deficient’ species: Species that are assessed as Data Deficient are deemed to have insufficient information known about them to carry out a proper conservation assessment. Although such species are not assessed as threatened, we may find out that they in fact are, once enough data is obtained.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s