By family and genus




























Pajaro, M. G., et al. 2004. Biology, fishery and trade of sea moths (Pisces: Pegasidae) in the central Philippines. Oryx 38: 432-438.Gosney, L. 1996. A molecular phylogeny of the Pegasidae (Sea Moths) and the implications for their conservation, Institute of Zoology.

Herold, D. and E. Clark. 1993. Monogamy, spawning and skin-shedding of the Sea Moth, Eurypegasus-draconis (Pisces, Pegasidae). Enviromental Biology of Fishes 37(3):219-236.

Myers, R. F. 1991. Syngnathidae & Pegasidae. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Barrigadam, Guam, Coral Graphics:82-90.

Palsson, W. A. and T. W. Pietsch. 1989. Revision of the Acanthopterygian Fish Family Pegasidae (Order Gasterosteiformes). Indo-Pacific Fishes December(18):1-38.



Paulus, T. 1995. Schnepfenmesserfische. Die seltene und schutzenswerte Fischfamilie Centriscidae. Das Aquarium(312):33-36.


Turker-Cakir, D., et al. 2014. First record of the bluespotted cornetfish, Fistularia commersonii Ruppell, 1835 (Osteichthyes: Fistulariidae) in Edremit Bay (north-eastern Aegean Sea). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30(1):164-167.Bariche, M., et al. 2013. Reproduction of the invasive bluespotted cornetfish Fistularia commersonii (Teleostei, Fistulariidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biology Research 9(2):169-180.

Bariche, M. and A. Kajajian. 2012. Population structure of the bluespotted cornetfish Fistularia commersonii (Osteichthyes: Fistulariidae) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Biological Research 17:74-80.

Bodilis, P., et al. 2011. Further evidence of the establishment of Fistularia commersonii (Osteichthyes: Fistulariidae) in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records 4:1-4.

Deidun, A. 2011. On the increasing occurrence of the Bluespotted Cornetfish Fistularia commersonii (Rüppel, 1838) in the Central Mediterranean (Osteichthyes , Fistulariidae). Biodiversity Journal 2:19-26.


Orr, J. W. and R. A. Fritzsche. 1993. Revision of the Ghost Pipefishes, Family Solenostomidae (Teleostei, Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182.Fishelso L. 1966. Solenostomus cyanopterus Blecker (Teleostei Solenostomidae) in Elat (Gulf of Akaba). Israel Journal of Zoology 15(3-4):95-103.



Žalohar, J. and T. Hitij. 2012. The first known fossil record of pygmy pipehorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampinae) from the Coprolitic Horizon; Tunjice Hills, Slovenia. Annales de Paléontologie 98(2):131-151.

Oliveira, F., et al. 2012. Habitat preferences of the Syngnathidae in the Ria Formosa coastal lagoon (South Portugal). Poster submitted to the University of Aveiro.

Ahnesjö, I. and J. F. Craig. 2011. The biology of Syngnathidae: pipefishes, seadragons and seahorses. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1597-1602.

Leysen, H., et al. 2011. Modelling stress in the feeding apparatus of seahorses and pipefishes (Teleostei: Syngnathidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 104:680-691.

Mobley, K. B., et al. 2011. The genetics and genomics of Syngnathidae: pipefishes, seahorses and seadragons. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1624-1646.

Rosenqvist, G. and A. Berglund. 2011. Sexual signals and mating patterns in Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1647-1661.

Scobell, S. K. and D. S. Mackenzie. 2011. Reproductive endocrinology of Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1662-1680.

Vincent, A. C. J., et al. 2011. Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1681-1724.

Wilson, a. B. and J. W. Orr. 2011. The evolutionary origins of Syngnathidae: pipefishes and seahorses. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1603-1623.

Wilson, N. G. and G. W. Rouse. 2010. Convergent camouflage and the non-monophyly of ‘seadragons’ (Syngnathidae: Teleostei): suggestions for a revised taxonomy of syngnathids. Zoologica Scripta 39(6):551-558.

Paladini, G., et al. 2010. The description of Gyrodactylus corleonis sp n. and G. neretum sp n. (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea) with comments on other gyrodactylids parasitising pipefish (Pisces: Syngnathidae). Folia Parasitologica 57(1):17-30.

Shokri, M. R., et al. 2009. The effectiveness of seahorses and pipefish (Pisces: Syngnathidae) as a flagship group to evaluate the conservation value of estuarine seagrass beds. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 19(5):588-595.

Sanna, D., et al. 2008. mtDNA control region and D-HPLC analysis: a method to evaluate the mating system in Syngnathidae (Teleostei). Marine Biology 153(3):269-275.

Martin-Smith, K. and A. C. J. Vincent. 2006. Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses, pipehorses, sea dragons and pipefishes (Family Syngnathidae). Oryx 40:141-151.

Rosa, I. L., et al. 2006. Collaborative monitoring of the ornamental trade of seahorses and pipefishes (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) in Brazil: Bahia State as a case study. Neotropical Icthyology 4(2):247-252.

Xu, D., et al. 2005. Advance in the research of Syngnathidae in China. Chinese Journal of Marine drugs/Zhongguo Haiyang Yaowu 24(2):51-56.

Choo Chee, K. and C. Liew Hock 2004. A record of seahorse species (family Syngnathidae) in East Malaysia, with notes on their conservation. Malayan Nature Journal 56(4):409-420.

Fricke, R. 2004. Review of the pipefishes and seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) of New Calendonia, with descriptions of five new species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) 668:1-61.

Vizzini, S. and A. Mazzola. 2004. The trophic structure of the pipefish community (Pisces: Syngnathidae) from a Western Mediterranean seagrass meadow based on stable isotope analysis. Estuaries 27(2):325-333.

Choo, C. K. and H. C. Liew. 2003. Spatial distribution, substrate assemblages and size composition of sea horses (Family Syngnathidae) in the coastal waters of Penninsular Malaysia. Journal of Marine Biology Association U.K. 83:271-276.

CITES. 2003. Seahorses and other members of the family Syngnathidae (Decision 12.54). Universal minimum size limit for seahorses. Nineteenth Meeting of the Animals Committee:7pp.

Riccato, F., et al. 2003. Population structure and reproduction of three pipefish species (Pisces, Syngnathidae) in a sea grass meadow of the Venice Lagoon. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(2, pt. 1):138-145.

Wilson, A. B., et al. 2003. The dynamics of male brooding, mating patterns, and sex roles in pipefishes and seahorses (family Syngnathidae). Evolution 57:1374-1386.

Přikryl, T., et al. 2011. New information about the anatomy of a peculiar fish of the genus Hipposyngnathus Daniltshenko, 1960. Comptes Rendus Palevol 10:559-566.



Correia, M., et al. 2014. The use of a non-invasive tool for capture-recapture studies on a seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus population. Journal of Fish Biology 84(4):872-884

Gonzalez, R., et al. 2014. Genetic evidence and new morphometric data as essential tools to identify the Patagonian seahorse Hippocampus patagonicus (Pisces, Syngnathidae). Journal of Fish Biology 84(2):459-474.

Gristina, M., et al. 2014. Abundance, distribution and habitat preference of Hippocampus guttulatus and Hippocampus hippocampus in a semi-enclosed central Mediterranean marine area. Marine Ecology-Early View.

Subburaman, S., et al. 2014. First distributional record of the giraffe seahorse, Hippocampus camelopardalis Bianconi 1854 (Family: Syngnathidae) from Gulf of Kachchh waters, North west coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 43(3):408-411.

Wang, B., et al. 2014. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the Barbour’s seahorse Hippocampus barbouri Jordan and Richardson, 1908 (Gasterosteiformes: Syngnathidae). Mitochondrial DNA-Early online 1-2.

Caldwell, I. R. V., A. C. J. 2013. A sedentary fish on the move: effects of displacement on long-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatis Cuvier) movement and habitat use. Environmental Biology of Fish 96(1):67-75.

Chakraborty, B., et al. 2013. Characterization of yellow seahorse Hippocampus kuda feeding click sound signals in a laboratory environment: an application of probability density function and power spectral density analyses. Bioacoustics 23(1):1-14.

Chang, C., et al. 2013. The complete mitochondrial genome of the tiger tail seahorse, Hippocampus comes (Teleostei, Syngnathidae). Mitochondrial DNA 24(3):199-201.

Chang, C., et al. 2013. The complete mitochondrial genome of the three-spot seahorse, Hippocampus trimaculatus (Teleostei, Syngnathidae). Mitochondrial DNA 24(6):665-667.

Cicco, E. D., et al. 2013. Scuticociliatid ciliate outbreak in Australian pot-bellied seahorse, Hippocampus abdominalis (Lesson, 1827): Clinical signs, histopathologic findings, and treatment with metronidazole. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(4):435-440.

Correia, M. P., J.; Koldewey, H.; Andrade, J. P. 2013. Can artificial holdfast units work as a habitat restoration tool for long-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatus Cuvier)? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 448:258-264.

Lewisch, E., et al. 2013. Occurrence of nephrolithiasis in a population of longsnout seahorse, Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, and analysis of a nephrolith. Journal of Fish Diseases 36(2):163-167.

Palma, J. B., D. P.; Andrade, J. P. 2013. The effect of diet on ontogenic development of the digestive tract in juvenile reared long snout seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 40(3):739-50.

Pangestuti, R. R., B.; Himaya, S.; Kim S.-K. 2013. Optimization of hydrolysis conditions, isolation, and identification of neuroprotective peptides derived from seahorse Hippocampus trimaculatus. Amino Acids 45(2):369-381.

Sanaye, S. V., et al. 2013. Diseases and parasites in cultured yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker, 1852). Fish Chimes 32(11):65-67.

Song, H. M., K. 2013. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the thorny seahorse Hippocampus histrix (Gasterosteiformes: Syngnathidae). Mitochondrial DNA 25(1):7-8.

Souza-Santos, L. P. R., C. G.; Melo, R. C. S.; Cavalli, R. O. 2013. Prey selection of juvenile seahorse Hippocampus reidi. Aquaculture 404-405:35-40.

Thuong, T. D. H., T. 2013. Rearing the spotted seahorse Hippocampus kuda by feeding live and frozen copepods collected from shrimp ponds. Aquaculture Research-Early View:1-7.

Whittington, C. M., et al. 2013. Behavioral cues of reproductive status in seahorses Hippocampus abdominalis. Journal of Fish Biology 83(1):220-226.

Luzzatto, D. C., et al. 2012. The presence of the seahorse Hippocampus patagonicus in the Argentine Sea based on the cytochrome b sequence of mitochondrial DNA. Cybium 36(2):329-333.

Anderson, P. A. 2012. Sexual Dimorphism in Morphometry and Allometry of the Adult Lined Seahorse, Hippocampus erectus. Copeia 2012 (3):389-393.

Bahr, A., et al. 2012. Mutual mate choice in the potbellied seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis). Behavioral Ecology 23(4):869-878.

Balcázar, J. L., et al. 2012. Oceanibacterium hippocampi gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from cutaneous mucus of wild seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 102(1):187-191.

Blanco, A., et al. 2012. First observations of conjoined twins in newborn seahorses, Hippocampus guttulatus. Journal of Fish Diseases 35(9):705-708.

Celino, F. T., et al. 2012. Feeding selectivity of the seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker), juveniles under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture Research 43(12):1804-1815.

Choi, Y.-U., et al. 2012. Population characteristics of two seahorses, Hippocampus coronatus and Hippocampus mohnikei, around seagrass beds in the southern coastal waters of Korea. Ichthyological Research 59:235-241.

Faleiro, F., et al. 2012. Prey–predator dynamics in seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus): deciphering fatty acid clues. Aquaculture Research 44(4):618-633.

Foster, R., et al. 2012. The first record of Hippocampus denise (Syngnathidae) from Australia. Aqua international Journal of Ichthyology  18(1):55-57.

Freret-Meurer, N. and V. M. d. Oliveira. 2012. Distribuição vertical do cavalo-marinho Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 na região de Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Biotemas 25(2):59-66.

Freret-Meurer, N. V., et al. 2012. Activity rate of the seahorse Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 (Syngnathidae). Acta Ethologica 15(2):221-227.

Garcia, L. M. B., et al. 2012. Diet composition and feeding periodicity of the seahorse Hippocampus barbouri reared in illuminated sea cages. Aquaculture 358-359:1-5.

Harasti, D., et al. 2012. Population dynamics and life history of a geographically restricted seahorse, Hippocampus whitei. Journal of Fish Biology 81(4):1297-1314.

LePage, V., et al. 2012. Neoplasia of Captive Yellow Sea Horses (Hippocampus kuda) and Weedy Sea Dragons (Phyllopteryx taeniolatus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43:50-58.

Lin, Q., et al. 2012. The dynamics of reproductive rate, offspring survivorship and growth in the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810. Biology Open 1:391-396.

López, A., et al. 2012. A microsatellite panel for mating system analysis and broodstock management of captive long-snouted seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus. Aquaculture 356-357:153-157.

Mai, A. C. G. and G. Velasco. 2012. Population dynamics and reproduction of wild longsnout seahorse Hippocampus reidi. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 92(2):421-427.

Martinez-Cardenas, L. and J. G. Purser. 2012. Substrate-attachment Preferences of Cultured Newborn Pot-bellied Seahorses, Hippocampus abdominalis (Lesson, 1827). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 43:286-290.

Nickel, J. and R. Cursons. 2012. Genetic diversity and population structure of the pot-belly seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 46(2):1-12.

Otero-Ferrer, F., et al. 2012. Effect of Different Live Prey on Spawning Quality of Short-Snouted Seahorse, Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 43:174-186.

Qin, G., et al. 2012. Effect of broodstock origin, background and substrate color on skin coloration of three-spotted seahorses Hippocampus trimaculatus Leach, 1814. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 416-417:129-134.

Richardson, D. T. and P. J. Narguizian. 2012. Incorporating Captive Animal Behavior into the Conservation of Threatened Species, Hippocampus Ingens. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 2(7):17-23.

Singh, K., et al. 2012. Microsatellite loci to determine population structure in the yellow seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) and the three-spotted seahorse (H. trimaculatus). Marine Biodiversity 42(4):481-488.

Tanu, et al. 2012. A study on bacteria associated with the intestinal tract of farmed yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker, 1852): characterization and extracellular enzymes. Aquaculture Research 43:386-394.

West, K. 2012. Investigations into the Senegalese trade in CITES-listed seahorses, Hippocampus algiricus. Master thesis submitted to Imperial College London: 78pp.

Willadino, L., et al. 2012. Ingestion rate, survival and growth of newly released seahorse Hippocampus reidi fed exclusively on cultured live food items. Aquaculture 360-361:10-16.

Yin, F., et al. 2012. Lipid metabolic response, peroxidation, and antioxidant defence status of juvenile Lined Seahorse,Hippocampus erectus, fed with highly unsaturated fatty acids enriched Artemia nauplii. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 43(5):716-726.

Žalohar, J. and T. Hitij. 2012. The first known fossil record of pygmy pipehorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampinae) from the Coprolitic Horizon; Tunjice Hills, Slovenia. Annales de Paléontologie 98(2):131-151.

Anderson, P. a. and D. a. Mann. 2011. Evoked potential audiogram of the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus (Perry), in terms of sound pressure and particle acceleration.  Environmental Biology of Fishes 91:251-259.

Bahr, A. and A. B. Wilson. 2011. The impact of sex-role reversal on the diversity of the major histocompatibility complex: insights from the seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis). BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:121.

Caldwell, I. R., et al. 2011. Advances in tagging syngnathids, with the effects of dummy tags on behaviour of Hippocampus guttulatus. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1769-1785.

Celino, F. T., et al. 2011. Feeding selectivity of the seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker), juveniles under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture Research 43(12):1804-1815.

Cunha¹, M. d. and B. d. Silva. 2011. Anesthetic induction and recovery of Hippocampus reidi exposed to the essential oil of Lippia alba. Neotropical Ichthyology 9(3):683-688.

Evanson, M., et al. 2011. Tracking the international trade of seahorses (Hippocampus species). Fisheries Centre Research Reports 19(2):102.

Faleiro, F. and L. Narciso. 2011. Prey-predator dynamics in seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus): deciphering fatty acid clues. Aquaculture Research 44(4):618-633.

Gurkan, S., et al. 2011. Gut contents of two European seahorses Hippocampus hippocampus and Hippocampus guttulatus in the Aegean Sea, coasts of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43(6):1197-1201.

Jawad, L. and Al-Kharusi. 2011. On the occurrence of the Egyptian seahorse Hippocampus suezensis Duncker, 1940 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Acta Adriatica 52:137-140.

Krishnan, T. and R. H. Kuiter. 2011. Occurrence of western Indian Ocean seahorse Hippocampus borboniensis Duméril , 1870 , in the Gulf of Mannars , Southeastern India. 8IJMS 40:642-644.

Lee, H. R. and K. M. B. O’Brien. 2011. Morphological and behavioral limit of visual resolution in temperate (Hippocampus abdominalis) and tropical (Hippocampus taeniopterus) seahorses. Visual Neuroscience 28:351-360.

Leysen, H., et al. 2011. Musculoskeletal structure of the feeding system and implications of snout elongation in Hippocampus reidi and Dunckerocampus dactyliophorus. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1799-1823.

Martinez-Cardenas, L. and J. G. Purser. 2011. Effect of temperature on growth and survival in cultured early Juvenile Pot-bellied Seahorses, Hippocampus abdominalis. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 42:854-862.

Murugan, A. and S. Dhanya. 2011. Fishery biology, demography of three spotted seahorse, Hippocampus trimaculatus inhabiting Gulf of Mannar region, Southeast coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 40(3):411-423.

Negreiros, L. A. S., et al. 2011. Effects of hypoxia and petroleum on the genotoxic and morphological parameters of Hippocampus reidi. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C 153(4):408-414.

Palma, J. and D. Bureau. 2011. Effect of different Artemia enrichments and feeding protocol for rearing juvenile long snout seahorse, Hippocampus guttulatus. Aquaculture 318:439-443.

Pawar, H. and S. Sanaye. 2011. Effect of background color of tanks on growth and survival of juvenile Yellow Seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker 1852), in the pelagic phase. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture 63:1-6.

Pawar, H., et al. 2011. Comparative efficacy of four anaesthetic agents in the yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker, 1852). Aquaculture 311:155-161.

Sears, B. F., et al. 2011. A new species of myxosporean (Sphaeromyxidae), a parasite of lined seahorses, Hippocampus erectus, from the Gulf of Mexico. J Parasitol 97(4):713-716.

Shin, S. and J. Han. 2011. Identification of scuticociliate Philasterides dicentrarchi from indo-pacific seahorses Hippocampus kuda. African Journal of Microbiology Research 5(7):738-741.

Singh, K. and W. Lakra. 2011. Molecular identification and phylogenetic relationship of seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker 1852) using mitochondrial 16S rRNA and COI gene sequences from. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 81(1):97-101

Szabó, Z., et al. 2011. On the status of the Hawaiian seahorses Hippocampus hilonis , H. histrix and H. fisheri (Syngnathidae). Marine Biology Research 7:701-709.

Thangaraj, M. and A. Lipton. 2011. Assessment of genetic variation in closely related seahorse species(Genus: Hippocampus) using mtDNA marker. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 10:140-142.

Woodall, L. C., et al. 2011. Serial monogamy in the European long-snouted seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus. Conservation Genetics 12:1645-1649.

Woodall, L. C., et al. 2011. Historical and contemporary population genetic connectivity of the European short-snouted seahorse Hippocampus hippocampus and implications for management. Journal of Fish Biology 78:1738-1756.

Zhang, D., et al. 2011. Criteria for assessing juvenile quality of the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus. Aquaculture 322-323:255-258.

Balcázar, J. L., et al. 2010. Phylogenetic characterization and in situ detection of bacterial communities associated with seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus) in captivity. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 33(2):71-77.

Balcázar, J. L., et al. 2010. Identification and characterization of bacteria with antibacterial activities isolated from seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus). The Journal of Antibiotics 63:271-274.

Dunham, N. 2010. The life history and energy budget of Hippocampus erectus in Tampa Bay, Florida. Master Thesis submitted to University of South Florida: 36pp.

Faleiro, F. and L. Narciso. 2010. Lipid dynamics during early development of Hippocampus guttulatus seahorses: Searching for clues on fatty acid requirements. Aquaculture 307(1-2):56-64.

Foster, R. and M. F. Gomon. 2010. A new seahorse (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus) from south-western Australia. Zootaxa(2613):61-68.

Garcia, L. M. B., et al. 2010. Culturing seahorse (Hippocampus barbouri) in illuminated cages with supplementary acetes feeding. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh 62(2):122-129.

Leysen, H., et al. 2010. Cranial architecture of tube-snouted Gasterosteiformes (Syngnathus rostellatus and Hippocampus capensis). Journal of Morphology 271(3):255-270.

Lin, Q., et al. 2010. Effects of light intensity, stocking density and temperature on the air-bubble disease, survivorship and growth of early juvenile seahorse Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810. Aquaculture Research 42:91-98.

Martins, M. L., et al. 2010. Isolation and experimental infection with Vibrio alginolyticus in the sea horse, Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 (Osteichthyes: Syngnathidae) in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 70(1):205-209.

Oliveira, T. P. R., et al. 2010. Novel sex-related characteristics of the longsnout seahorse Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933. Neotropical Ichthyology 8(2):373-378.

Otero-Ferrer, F., et al. 2010. Live prey first feeding regimes for short-snouted seahorse Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758) juveniles. Aquaculture Research 41(9):e8-e19.

Panithanarak, T., et al. 2010. Population Genetics of the Spotted Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) in Thai Waters: Implications for Conservation. Zoological Studies 49(4):564-576.

Planas, M., et al. 2010. Female maturation, egg characteristics and fatty acids profile in the seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus. Animal Reproduction Science 122:66-73.

Quintas, P., et al. 2010. Biochemical composition and enzymatic activities in juveniles of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis and the effect of Artemia enrichment. Aquaculture Europe 2010 Seafarming 3050:1053-1054.

Raj, S. T., et al. 2010. Characterization and infectivity evaluation of Vibrio harveyi causing white patch disease among captive reared seahorses, Hippocampus kuda. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 39:151-156.

Saarman, N. P., et al. 2010. Genetic differentiation across eastern Pacific oceanographic barriers in the threatened seahorse Hippocampus ingens. Conservation Genetics 11(5):1989-2000.

Santos, C. A., et al. 2010. Genotoxic effects of the diesel water-soluble fraction on the seahorse Hippocampus reidi (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) during acute exposure. Zoologia (Curitiba, Impresso) 27:956-960.

Scales, H. 2010. Advances in the ecology, biogeography and conservation of seahorses (genus Hippocampus). Progress in Physical Geography 34(4):443-458.

Silveira, R. B. and N. F. Fontoura. 2010. Fecundity and fertility of the longsnout seahorse, Hippocampus reidi ( Teleostei : Syngnathidae ), in tropical Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biosciences 8:362-367.

Thangaraj, M. 2010. Genetic Identity of Three Indian Populations of Three Spotted Seahorse, Hippocampus trimaculatus. Advances in Biological Research 4:37-41.

Tindemans, D., et al. 2010. Development of the digestive tract in the seahorse (Hippocampus erectus P.). Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 79(3):207-212.

Xu, Y. J., et al. 2010. Polyculture of the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810 with two species of macroalgae in aquaria. Acta Oceanologica Sinica 29(1):26-32.

Zhang, D., et al. 2010. Growth and survival of juvenile lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus (Perry), at different stocking densities. Aquaculture Research 42:9-13.


Monteiro, N. M., et al. 2006. Reproductive migrations of the sex role reversed pipefish Nerophis lumbriciformis (Pisces; Syngnathidae). Journal of Fish Biology 69(1):66-74.

Monteiro, N. M., et al. 2005. Brief Communications: Temporal patterns of breeding and recruitment in Nerophis lumbriciformis(Pisces; Syngnathidae) related to seawater temperatures. Journal of Fish Biology 67(5):1475-1480.

Monteiro, N. M., et al. 2005. Homing behaviour and individual identification of the pipefish Nerophis lumbriciformis (Pisces; Syngnathidae): a true intertidal resident? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 63(1-2):93-99.

Zander, C. D. 2005. On the prey of two pipefish, Syngnathus typhle and Nerophis ophidion (Teleostei, Syngnathidae) from the Baltic Sea, in combination with the transfer of parasites. Zeitschrift fuer Fischkunde 7(2):155-159.


Forsgren, K. L. and C. G. Lowe. 2006. The life history of weedy seadragons, Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Teleostei : Syngnathidae). Marine and Freshwater Research 57(3):313-322.

Sanchez-Camara, J., et al. 2006. Density, habitat use and behaviour of the weedy seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Teleostei : Syngnathidae) around Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 57(7):737-745.


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